Postgres-specific features


Use pgcli with pipx install pgcli because it offers syntax highlighting and auto-completion.


Execute a query then type \watch.

Wide tables

Display tables vertically \x auto.

Time queries

Activate before executing \timing on.

Get cell as file

Use With CSV for CSV files.

\copy (Select * From foo) To 'test.csv' With BINARY;

XMLs, manually remove | from the front and end of the file:

\copy (SELECT xml_field FROM table_name) TO 'output.xml' WITH CSV QUOTE AS '|';

Disk Space

Free up disk space:

vacuumdb --all --full --freeze

List total table sizes (including indexes):

SELECT nspname || '.' || relname AS "relation",
    pg_size_pretty(pg_total_relation_size(C.oid)) AS "total_size"
  FROM pg_class C
  LEFT JOIN pg_namespace N ON (N.oid = C.relnamespace)
  WHERE nspname NOT IN ('pg_catalog', 'information_schema')
    AND C.relkind <> 'i'
    AND nspname !~ '^pg_toast'
  ORDER BY pg_total_relation_size(C.oid) DESC
  LIMIT 20;